Teenagers given good health Advice, I believe, will always Behave responsibly, by and large.
This is proved by national surveys in several states indicating smoking Among the young has continued to drop in recent years, despite a rapid expansion in e-cigarette use.
Health professionals have feared vaping might act as a gateway to routine Smoking — or prompt young people to see smoking as socially acceptable, known as”renormalisation”.
The fantastic news is it does not.
Researchers have looked at smoking tendencies among young Individuals as well as Their attitudes towards smoking as 1998, focusing especially on changes between 2011 and 2015 when e-cigarettes caught on.
To determine whether tendencies applied only to tobacco or mirrored overall Changes in substance use in adolescents, the scientists also analysed trends in alcohol and cannabis use.
Information on smoking was collected on 248,324 secondary school pupils aged around 13 and 15 in England, Scotland and Wales, while data on attitudes were available for 162,324respondents.
Pupils were asked whether they’d ever smoked, if they were regular smokers (at least once each week), and also if they believed it was OK to smoke/try smoking. They were also quizzed about their use of alcohol and cannabis.
The results are quite reassuring — revealing that between 1998 and 2015, the Percentage of 13 and 15 year olds who had ever smoked fell from 60 percent to 19 per cent, while the percentage of smokers dropped from 19 per cent to 5 per cent.
Teen perceptions of smoking have also changed over time. Only 27 percent In 2015 thought it was OK to try a cigarette, falling from 70 per cent in 1999. The percentage of these in England stating it was OK to smoke fell from 36 percent in 2003 to 14 per cent in 2014.
These patterns of abstinence were likewise reflected in alcohol and cannabis use. Between 1998 and 2015, the proportion of people who had ever tried cannabis dropped from 29% to 9 percent, while people who had tried alcohol fell from 79 per cent to 48 per cent.
The researchers state:”Our results provide little evidence that renormalisation Of smoking occurred in this period.
“What’s more, positive perceptions of smoking attitudes declined in a Faster rate after the proliferation of e-cigarettes, implying attitudes towards smoking hardened while e-cigarettes were emerging rather than softening, as would be anticipated if smoking was renormalised.”
Reassuring — but continuing observation of smoking among the young ought to Remain a public health priority.