The Expression”gut microbiota” Clarifies the trillions of germs that live inside our bowels, affecting how well we absorb nutrients from our food, how effectively our immune defenses operate, and even the degree to which we feel stressed or relaxed.
As an increasing body of evidence indicates Bacteria in our gut influence a much wider range of health variables than scientists believed. These include aspects as varied as blood pressure, the aging process, and the likelihood of developing anxiety or depression.
Keeping our intestine healthy is essential not just Health but also for physical wellbeing and even mental well-being.
Within this context, researchers from the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) from the Netherlands set out to examine which diets and food groups have the most beneficial effects on gut health.
Studying 160 dietary variables and gut bacteria
Specifically, colleagues and Bolte grouped 160 dietary variables under Seven food routines and appeared at their anti inflammatory effects over four cohorts of participants: people with Crohn’s disease, people with ulcerative colitis, the overall population, and people living with irritable bowel syndrome.
“We looked in depth in the association between dietary patterns or Individual foods and gut microbiota,” remarks Bolte. “Connecting the diet into the gut microbiota provides us more insight into the relation between diet and intestinal disease,” she adds.
As the authors explain in the study abstract,”there is increasing Interest in anti-inflammatory capacities of nutrients that are isolated,” but the medical community has not yet studied or found out as much about”the association between dietary patterns or foods and gut microbial capabilities.”
To rectify this, Bolte and crew collected samples Participant and asked them to fill in a Food Frequency Questionnaire.
The group identified the 61 individuals Food things they correlated with 123 bacterial taxa and 249 molecular pathways, and they discovered”49 correlations involving food routines and microbial groups.”
They did so by isolating microbial DNA and doing shotgun Order analysis to reconstruct the microbiota composition of the samples.
As the summary of the findings the UEG and the researchers shared reveals, Bolte and team split the food patterns into the following categories:
Plant based diet
Low fat fermented dairy
Mediterranean dietary plan, that consisted of”plant protein, bread, legumes, vegetables, fish, nuts, [and] wine”
Bread and fish plus legumes and nuts
Meat, potatoes, and sausage plus candies, sugar, Quick food, and soft drinks
The Mediterranean diet benefits gut health
Total, Bolte reports, the study found that “a diet characterized by Nuts, fruits, higher vegetable and legume intake compared to animal protein, together with moderate usage of animal derived foods such as fish, lean meat, poultry, fermented, low fat milk, and red wine, and a lower intake of red meat, processed meat and sweets, is beneficially associated with the gut ecosystem.”
They connected the intake of wine, legumes, vegetables, fruits, Cereals, fish, and nuts with high levels of anti-inflammatory bacteria.
Plant based diets were correlated with high levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) –“that the significant nutrients made by bacterial fermentation,” which have many beneficial effects on the metabolism. Researchers have discovered low levels of SCFAs.
The researchers also found that plant protein aided the biosynthesis of vitamins and amino acids.
“We show that certain foods are associated with the abundance of gut Bacteria capable of the biosynthesis of essential nutrients and carbohydrate fermentation to SCFAs,” complete the authors,”inferring that specific foods could exert mucosal protection by inducing bacteria with anti inflammatory properties.”
“Our work provides support for the idea that the diet reflects a Therapeutic strategy [for] autoimmune diseases, through the modulation of the intestine microbiome,” they add.
According to the most recent estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 3 million adults in the USA are living with either Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.